Papias and Luke: Evidence That Both Knew Q, Mark, and Matthew
5 Theses for reconsidering the intertextuality of the Gospels.
1. Like the authors of the gospels of Matthew and Luke, the author of Mark knew Q.
2. Luke's sources included Q, Mark and Matthew.
3. Papias likewise knew Q, Mark and Matthew.
4. Q and the writings of Papias vanished because of false prophecies.
5. Ancient rhetorical imitation is the key to solving the Synoptic problem.